Thursday, 26 May 2011

Sean's Slides

Jim Henson- The Introduction of Animatronics

Tuesday, 29 March 2011

Jim Henson

Jim Henson

Jim Henson | 1936 - 1990

Jim Henson Notes

Thursday, 17 March 2011

The next presentation

Hi guys so who are we choosing for our next presentation? I haven't seen any of you around to ask about us meeting

Thursday, 24 February 2011

The Persian Agenda - Minutes Of Meetings

After Collaborating in a meeting we have gathered hour generic knowledge and are bing to focus on key subject areas for a 10 minute presentation. The theory will be a timeline based project, which follows the transaction of such a historic icon has travelled from the far east and to the western world. Nevertheless starting with the silk road. The Structure is to follow:

  1. Introduction - Silk trading, motifs, individuality & entrance in to persian society
  2. The Persian Culture - The importance to it's community, it's symbolism cultrally and it usages 
  3. The European culture - it's introduction into the western world. It's usages and ideologies to these communities
  4. The Present - The usage in media, and it's iconaism to the asian world. It's stereotype and gesture.
Below will be the leads on each taking the topic as their own to develop into 2:30 slots for which all can collaborate in final presentation.

  1. Jonny 
  2. Ben 
  3. Heather
  4. Sean 
The group will finalise and produce their end presentation by Monday 28th Feb. Meeting to take place at 1:30pm in libary.

Wednesday, 23 February 2011

Hi guys. I've been looking at the ancient history, usage and myths behind Persian flatweaves and thought I'd share some cliffnotes on what I've found. I hope you fnd this as interesting as I did.

First off these seem to be the main periods of progressive civilization within persia;

First true Iranian civilization; Elamites 4000 years ago. Their land encompassed
Khuzestan, Lorestan, Bakhtiari. Western iran
Overthrew the Sumerians and eventually fell to the Assyrians.

Achaemenid empire (530-330 bc)
Parthians rose to succeed Archaemenians rruling for five hundred years (250 bc-224 ad)
Safavid empire (1501-1732)

600 AD arab conquest of Iran leads to westerners becoming more integrated into Iranian culture.

Now here are some interesting bits of information I've come across. Frankly I'm astounded in places as some of the evidence of weaving in their civilization dates back as far as stonehenge.

In myth and ancient culture
Mashyak and Mashyanak equivalent to adam and eve in Persian creation myth are the first humans in legend. Created Clothing by spinning thread made from their own hair.
In ancient Persian culture the ability to to sew and weave is considered a sign of refinement and of being cultured and civilized. Ancient Mythological Demons shown as barbaric and unrefined by their ignorance of these skills.
King Jamshid in Persian myth is responsible for bringing fire, smelting, spinning, weaving and sewing techniques to his people which gives a good comparison point for the cultural value placed on these skills.
The importance of these skills is highlighted by their depiction in other ancient art forms of the era, for example Reliefs found in Persepolis show Yarn and textiles being presented as gifts in the fifth century BC.
Persepolis relief 5th century BC


There is evidence that it was considered a noble art form as there are figures presented on an Elamite stone relief dating back to the first millennium BC showing female royalty working on spinning thread this again shows evidence of the cultural importance of the craft. A form of this is still present in Nomadic tribes as the wives of tribal leaders still practice weaving, This can be argued to show the importance of such traditional practices as it has lasted for millennia.
Early examples
Female Royalty shown spinning, Khuzestan, First Millenium BC

Very early examples of fabrics have been uncovered in Kurdestan From between 6000 and 5000 BC
Evidence has been uncovered from the Elamite Era that dates back to 3000 BC.

Iranian Textiles expert Parviz Tanavoli argues that while early Achaemenian Flatweaves were probably more commonly used as horsecloths their very existence hints that Persians would have used the same techniques to create decorative floor coverings.


Early Pazyryk wool tapestry, 5th to 4th Century BC

Usage

Gelim rugs are more lightweight and are more generally used by Persia’s nomadic tribes for the sake of practicality.
During periods of migration Nomadic tribes will use these Gelims to wrap up bedrolls for easy lightweight transportation and tents.
This is in direct contrast to the heavier pile rugs called qali which are mainly used to decorate buildings such as mosques and permanent homes.


Nomadic Tribe makeshift tent from floor covering Gelim.


Thursday, 10 February 2011

The Magic Of Persian Rugs

An interesting area in which to look at is that of the magic carpet it's origin. The ideology behind it is that it came from Tangu in Persia. The representation for this reason suggests at a persian rug. This can be seen in 'One Thousand and One Nights'. Other literature such as Solomon's Carpet talks of a Magic rug again visualised as a persian rug. Even in the recent J. K. Rowling's book, Quidditch Through the Ages which  states that carpets where favoured over broomsticks in India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Iran and Mongolia.


http://www.illusionsgallery.com/Magic-Carpet-Vasnetsov-L.jpg
Fig 1 | Magic Carpet - One Thousand And One Nights
http://www.rebeccagoings.com/wp-content/uploads/2009/12/magic-carpet-1.jpg
Fig 2 | Advert - J Lo on Magic Carpets
http://cleverculver.edublogs.org/files/2010/03/aladdin-4.jpg
Fig 3 | Magic Carpet - Aladdin Movie

Motifs

As I stated earlier that persian rugs are unique and yet follow similar themes these are called Motifs.The following describe the origin and ideology behind each:

Motifs Definition -  


1.
a recurring subject, theme, idea, etc., especially in a literary, artistic, or musical work.
2.
a distinctive and recurring form, shape, figure, etc., in a design, as in a painting or on wallpaper.
3.
a dominant idea or feature: the profit motif of free enterprise.


(http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/Motifs)

Word Origins 

motif
1848, from Fr. motif  "dominant idea, theme" (see motive)

(http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/Motifs)

Persian Motifs 


Persia (Iran) has an ancient tradition of its own design of motifs. These special and unique motifs are used, among others, in the Persian carpet and rug designs and traditional Persian attire. These motifs have a rich history and the Persian language has an extensive terminology concerning the dsign and sorts of these motifs.

http://www.wordiq.com/definition/Persian_motifs


1-Lachak-toranj (Corner-medallion design)


2-Afshan (Overall flower design)


3-Toranji (Medallion design)


4-Mehrabi (Prayer design)


5-Derakhti (Tree design)


6-Baghi (Garden design)


7-Moharramat (Striped design)


8-Tasviri (Pictorial design)


9-Shekargahi (Hunting design)


10-Jangali (Jungle design)


11-Goldani (Vase design)


12-Golestani (Flower garden design)


13-Tecrari (Endless repeat design)


14-Talfighi (Mingle design)

Wednesday, 9 February 2011

History

A snippet of info I found about the origin of the Persian carpet and its development

 

Origins of Hand knotted Rugs

Persian and Oriental Hand knotted rugsIran (Persia) was the oldest and once most powerful empire in the Middle East and is the home of the original oriental carpet. It was under the Safavid Dynasty (1502-1736) that Iran attained its artistic height. This era saw the development of highly qualified carpet factories in the cities of Kerman, Isfahan, Kashan, Tabriz, and Herat. Iran is the home of most motifs, patterns and traditional colorations produced in rugs throughout the world today

Over the centuries, Persian handknotted carpets have become treasured heirlooms passed on from one generation to the next. Persian carpet exports began in the 16th century. Starting in the 1850s, American, English and German firms established new factories in Mashed, Tabriz, Kerman, and Sultanabad (now Arak), thereby ensuring the art form's continued development. Under Reza Shah Pahlavi, royal factories were established to utilize the finest materials and methods of manufacture.


Persian carpets continue to boast very high quality standards and command a very brisk interest in domestic and international markets. While large city workshops were an important factor in the past, much of today's production is fashioned along cottage industry lines in smaller villages and towns. Handknotted rugs are generally named after the village, town or district where they are woven or collected, or by the weaving tribe in the case of nomadic pieces. Each rug's particular pattern, palette, and weave are uniquely linked with the indigenous culture, and weaving techniques are specific to an identifiable geographic area or nomadic tribe.
Popular rug styles today include Abadeh, Bidjar, Gabbeh, Heriz, Keshan, Kirman (Kerman), Mashad (Mashhad), Meshed, Nain, Tabriz, Kazak, Khan, Nahzat and Zeigler.

Also, here is a link to a PDF talking more about the history of the Persian rug. It talks about when it was founded to telling a fake from a real rug etc

http://www.ibchamber.org/Magazine%2029/persian%20rug%20and%20carpet.pdf

Bibliography:
http://www.rugzone.co.uk/rugstore/shop.php/traditional-rugs/persian-handknotted/c_16.html

Thursday, 3 February 2011

I'm a bit busy tonight but I did a quick google search and discovered these websites;

Classification of Iranian carpets

and

Region Specific rug design

The idea of there being specific designs for specific regions is quite interesting and if it's ok with everyone I should like to look further into the reasons behind this.

Persian Carpets - A Brief History Of Design

Persian Rugs are promoted as individual and due to the hand crafted nature maintains that uniqueness in design. Although unique they all fall into 3 categories. Geometric Designs, Curvilinear + Floral Design and Pictorial design.

Fig 1 - Geometric 

Fig 2 - Curvilinear and Floral 

Fig 3 - Pictorial Designs 

New Group - Starting up.

As Phil has stated in his presentation we need to come up with a team name. I suggest that we sort out a day in which we can all come together and discuss our work. I would recommend a thursday after the lecture in the morning therefore allowing us to collaborate while the unit fresh on our minds. Obviously if their clashes with classes we'll have to do another day therefore please could you leave comments in regards to this on the post to when is best suited to you. Furthermore we need a couple of post for the team name which can be decided when we reach next thursday deadline for these requirements. 


If Heather or Ben are having any issue with blogger you can e-mail me on  jonny_101091@hotmail.co.uk 

The Time Machine - Group 15

So for our project we need to look at the 'Persian Rug'.  Being an essential part of Persian art and culture. Carpet-weaving is undoubtedly one of the most distinguished manifestations of Persian culture and art, and dates back to ancient Persia. 550 B.C.E - 330 B.C.E. Here are a few images I have picked up on the object will be looking at: 
Fig 1 - Gold Persian Rug 








Fig2 Red Persian Rug

Interesting points I have found researching will be the 'Magic Carpet'  and the way these are weaved. These will be could to have a a starting point for us to collaborate on to meet the presentation in 5 weeks.